For 100 years, between 1850 and 1950, the cargo liners grew to dominate the wprld’s trade routes and, unlike the tramp steamer, provided regular services with adverstised sailings and fixed dates that merchants, shippers and importers could rely on. The book begins the establishment of routes around Europe and a
cross the North Atlantic in the 1850s. Not until the Liverpool ship owner and engineer, Alfred Holt, developed high-pressure compound engines were coal-powered vessels able to steam further afield, to the Far East of Australia. The opening the Suez Canal inb 1869 cemented the dominance of the cargo liner and only with the appearance of the first containership in the 1950s was that dominance finally overthrown.